Thứ Năm, 13 tháng 6, 2019

How can I register a trademark internationally?


Trademark is the asset of individuals, and organizations which is protected independently in each nation therefore a trademark being registered in a country would still be a subject of violation in another country because it is not yet registered.


Currently based on a trademark patent or a national trademark application, by filing an international application, the trademark owner shall acquire the right of trademark registration in some or all members of the Madrid system.

Trademarks are intangible assets, and can be bought, sold or licensed, making your company more valuable. However, you have to analyze your company to determine the value in seeking trademark protection in foreign countries. An experienced intellectual property attorney is the best person to speak to regarding this decision. There is a mechanism for obtaining a trademark in other countries: the Madrid Protocol.

Conditions of international registration under Madrid System
-People who have been granted the Certificate of Trademark Registration have the right to register their respective international trademarks under the Madrid Agreement;
-People who have already filed an application for registration of a trademark and who have been granted a certificate of registration of a trademark shall have the right to make an international registration of the mark corresponding to the Madrid Protocol.

To sum it up, you should first file for a trademark in your home country. From there, your country will forward it to WIPO. After WIPO examines it, and hopefully approve it, it will send you a certificate of your international registration and notify the IP Offices in all the territories where you seek trademark protection in. The last step is for those territories to make a decision within the time limit (12 or 18 months) in accordance with their own rules. WIPO will record the decisions of the IP Offices in the International Register and notify you when they are made. If a particular Office refuses to grant protection, you can contest a refusal decision directly before it. Conversely, if an IP Office accepts to protect your mark, it will issue a statement of grant of protection.



Thứ Tư, 12 tháng 6, 2019

How to Establish a Company in Vietnam?


Foreign investors may invest in the form of 100% capital to establish a limited liability company, joint stock company, partnership company or other forms in investment in Vietnam.


Foreign investors that invest in Vietnam for the first time must have investment projects and fill in investment registration or examination procedures at state agencies in charge of investment in order to be granted investment registration certificates. Investment certificates shall concurrently be business registration certificates.  Company with 100% foreign capital has founded and operated from the date of issuance of the investment certificate.
A project dossier for establishing a company in Vietnam shall comprise:

-Registration/Request for issuance of Investment Certificate;
-A report on financial capability of the investor;
-Draft of the company’s charter;
-List of members of company;
-Copy of the people’s identity card, passport or other lawful personal certification, for individual members;
-Copy of the establishment decision, business registration certificate or other equivalent document, for member organizations;
-Copies of the authorization document, the people’s identity card, passport or other lawful personal certification, for authorized representatives.
-Copies of the business registration certificates of the foreign member organizations must be authenticated within three months before the date of submission of the business registration dossier by agencies where such organizations are registered;
-Written authorization of the investor in case investor is organization and valid copy of the lawful personal certification of the authorized representative. Documents in foreign languages must be translated into Vietnamese, notarized and legalized;
-The joint-venture contract or Business Cooperation Contract (BCC);
-Other documents required by Vietnam law.

The establishment of a company in Vietnam would take from 30 days.  The extra time might be needed in case the investment area is conditional or the State government needs to examine the investment project.  Minimum capital, special licenses or other conditions might be required in certain investment projects.
ANT Lawyers – A Law firm in Vietnam has law offices in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang.  The lawyers at each law offices in Vietnam have consistently made valuable and important contributions to our profession through the cases we handled on daily basis to facilitate business transaction or represented our clients to access justice.



Thứ Ba, 11 tháng 6, 2019

If I bought an original work from an artist can I copyright it since the original work and character now belongs to me?


First off, you can’t copyright it because it’s already copyrighted. Under modern law, copyright exists the moment a work is set down in a permanent form. It is possible for the owner of the copyright to then register that copyright, but that is not what creates the copyright.


Second, buying a physical version of a work does not give you the copyright. It doesn’t matter whether that version is the original, or even if it’s the only version. You still don’t get the copyright. The only way you can get the copyright is to buy the copyright. In order to transfer the copyright to you, the owner must do so explicitly in writing, and it must be signed. The only thing you get by buying a physical version of a work is that particular physical version.
Source: Quora


Chủ Nhật, 9 tháng 6, 2019

Authorized Representative of the Company Under New Law on Enterprises


In order to raise the standard of business environment in Vietnam, Law on Enterprises 2015 reduced many administrative procedures of establishing and running a business, including the representative authorization of the member or shareholder of the company.
One of the distinguished amendments: authorized representative of the member or shareholder which is legal entity is not required to inform the licensing authority (i.e. Department of Planning and Investment).
Law on Enterprises 2015 provides that the appointment of an authorized representative must be made in written, notified to the Company and take valid from the receipt date of the Company while under Law on Enterprises 2005, the same must be registered at the licensing office.
In addition, any restrictions by the authorizing member on his/her authorized representative in the performance as member in the Members’ Council or shareholder in the Shareholders’ Meeting shall not enforce against the third party.
ANT Lawyers is a law firm in Vietnam with international standards, recognized by IFLR1000 on Financial and Corporate practice. The firm provides a wide range of legal services, including M&A, corporate establishment, business advisory, tax advisory, dispute resolution for multinational and domestic clients.
This publication is designed to provide updated information of legal matters, and does not constitute professional advice.



Thứ Sáu, 7 tháng 6, 2019

When and How to Register Trademark to Protect IP Rights


Considering trademark registration activities, the subject holder must comply with certain conditions to fulfill its trademark registration rights.
According to Article 13.1 Law on Intellectual Property amended in 2009:
-Organizations and individuals may register marks to be used for goods they produce or services they provide.
-Organizations and individuals that conduct lawful commercial activities may register marks for products they are marketing but produced by others, provided that the producers neither use such marks for their products nor object to such registration.
-Lawfully established collective organizations may register collective marks to be used by their members under regulations on use of collective marks. For signs indicating geographical origins of goods or services, organizations that may register them are collective organizations of organizations or individuals engaged in production or trading in relevant localities. For other geographical names or marks indicating geographical origins of local specialties of Vietnam, the registration must be permitted by competent state agencies.
-Organizations with the function of controlling and certifying the quality, properties, origin or other relevant criteria of goods or services may register certification marks, provided that they are not engaged in the production or trading of these goods or services. For other geographical names or marks indicating geographical origins of local specialties of Vietnam, the registration thereof must be permitted by a competent state agency.
-Two or more organizations or individuals may jointly register a mark in order to become its co-owners on the following conditions: i) This mark is used in the names of all co-owners or used for goods or services which are produced or traded with the participation of all co-owners; ii) The use of this mark causes no confusion to consumers as to the origin of goods or services.
If the subject falls into one of the cases mentioned above, they will have the right to register the mark at the National Office of Intellectual Property. After the subject condition has been met, consideration should be given to the condition that a mark can be protected as a trademark. In particular (i) It is a visible mark in the form of letters, words, drawings or images including holograms, or a combination thereof, represented in one or more colors; (ii) It is capable of distinctive goods or services of the mark owner from those of other subjects.
However, there are some exceptions even when the mark satisfies those two conditions. For example, marks identical with or confusingly similar to national flags or national emblems; or marks identical with or confusingly similar to emblems, flags, armorial bearings, abbreviated names or full names of Vietnamese State bodies, political organizations, socio-political organizations, socio- politico-professional organizations, social organizations or socio-professional organizations or with international organizations, unless permitted by such bodies or organizations shall not be protected as a trademark.
In order to register for protection of a trademark, the registrant should pay attention to the subject matter and the conditions for the trademark to be protected in order to avoid being refused at the registration authority because of the failure to meet the conditions for the subject or the conditions for protection.
IP Attorney at ANT Lawyers – a Law Firm in Vietnam, a licensed IP agent in Vietnam shall be providing the advice to client to help the clients evaluate and file registration for trademark, patent, copyright and other IP related services







Thứ Tư, 5 tháng 6, 2019

Benefits of Representative Offices in Vietnam


Following the trend of international economic integration, foreigners have been attracted by the benefits of doing business in Vietnam through setting up representative office, setting up company, acquiring shares in Vietnam enterprise through M&A activity.

At the initial stage, foreign entity would try to research market, undertake due diligence on its clients, buyers, clients, or other business partners therefore many will be interested in establishing a representative office in Vietnam.

The foundation of representative office of foreign entity in Vietnam is governed under Vietnam Commercial Law 2005 and Decree 07/2016 / ND-CP dated 25 May, 2016.
Advantages of establishment of a representative office:
Establishing a representative office is a tool to research the market. For the first time, foreign enterprises entering the Vietnam market, the primary purpose is understanding the market, undertaking research on clients, or due diligence on their business partners, distributors, monitoring the performance of buyers and being familiar with the Vietnam market. The establishment of representative office in Vietnam turns out to be the most effective option both of cost and time.

The representative office in Vietnam is an effective tool to promote commercial activity, seeking partners, and increasing opportunities to expand business market in Vietnam.
Representative office form in Vietnam has allowed foreign entity to receive benefits such as recruiting Vietnamese employees, foreign employees working in offices whom could apply for work permit in Vietnam, then temporary residence card in Vietnam, opening bank accounts in foreign currencies or Vietnam dong at commercial banks, and to be allowed to use those accounts solely for their operations.

According to the laws of Vietnam, the establishment of representative offices does not require the investor’s capital. Instead, setting up a company in Vietnam, an economic organization requires capital contribution as per business plan, ranging from USD 50 k to million USD. Sometime, if the investment fall under conditional areas, setting up company seems more challenging.  This relieves the foreign trader from advancing too much to achieve the purpose of expanding the market before the business plan has been proved to materialize.

Further, the establishment of representative office follows more simple procedures for licensing in Vietnam than establishing entity in Vietnam. Accordingly, the process has been taken less time which is more favorable for foreign traders.

Challenges of the establishment of representative office in Vietnam?
Vietnam law provides that, in order to establish a representative office in Vietnam, foreign traders have to prove the fulfillment of the financial responsibility in their country. In practice, the foreign entity is expected to provide audited financial statements. In some countries, the financial audited report is not available according to laws. The Vietnam Department of Trade and Commerce, which state authority would grand representative office operation certificate would require documents showing the fulfillment of tax liabilities or financial obligations of the last fiscal year, or equivalent documents as proof of existence and operation of the foreign trader issued or certified by competent authorities where such foreign trader is established. This provision may initially be difficult. However, if the foreign trader has been established and operated legally in their country, the implementation of this provision is not a major obstacle.

As a large potential market such a Vietnam, as well as the current rapid reform in administrative procedures, Vietnam Government has been more flexible to encourage foreign traders doing business in Vietnam, hence the establishment of representative offices is an optimal method to consider for market research, trade promotion and a stepping stone to penetrate the Vietnam market successfully.

The commercial law and other business laws in Vietnam are frequently changing toward attracting more quality investment projects into Vietnam.  ANT Lawyers – A Law firm in Vietnam has law offices in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang.  The lawyers at each law offices in Vietnam have consistently made valuable and important contributions to our profession through the cases we handled on daily basis to facilitate business transaction or represented our clients to access justice.









Thứ Ba, 4 tháng 6, 2019

What is the complete procedure to apply for a trademark opposition?


You can file a Trademark opposition against any Trademark application published in the Trademark Journal during the 3 months period when it is kept open for opposition from the general public.



You can file a Trademark opposition on your own if you have the knowledge of applicable laws, know under what provisions the Trademark needs to be opposed, can draft the opposition petition on your own and know what legal documents are required for the same.

Coming to the procedure of filing a Trademark opposition, a trademark opposition is filed by a third party to prevent the proprietor from getting the Trademark registered if it is similar to his/her own or is identical to the one already used by the party.

A person may file an opposition to a Trademark to prevent the brand from illicitly gaining from his/her established brand name and avoid confusion among the consumers.

A trademark opposition is filed in the form of a Notice of Opposition that lays down the grounds on which the application is challenged. It is attached with the evidence that proves why the Trademark application flouts any legal norms or violates an existing Trademark.

Documents Required To File A Trademark Opposition

The copy of Trademark to be opposed.
The reason for opposition.
The Notice of Opposition i.e. the application opposing the mark published in the journal is drafted (it is suggested that you hire a lawyer for the same to avoid any omissions or errors). The Notice of Opposition is sent to the Registrar first, who will examine it and then send it to the applicant.

The Trademark applicant gets 2 months(1+1) to file a counter-statement against the opposition received.

ANT Lawyers -  A Law firm in Vietnam is supported by a team of experienced patent, trademark, design attorneys with qualification and skills handling full range of legal services relating to intellectual property rights in Vietnam.  We have specialized in the preparation and registration of patents, trademarks and designs for our clients.
We assist our clients in all steps of the prosecution phase of IP management.
Source; Quora